Rainy season is the perfect breeding ground for micro-organisms as well as vectors and weakens the immune system that makes people vulnerable to disease. In the rainy season, rain water mixes with sewage, soil and overflowing of ground water can contaminate drinking water sources. Some diseases related to the rainy season are:- gastroenteritis, typhoid, diarrhoea, heptaitis A & E, cholera. Exposure to rain can also bring viral fever, respiratory tract infections, leptospirosis, allergic cold, skin allergies and asthma aggravation. Protect yourself this rainy season and stay healthy!
Common cold is one of the most commonly occuring health sickness during the rainy season. It is highly contagious due to the spread of the virus in the air which infects the upper respiratory tract and thus affects the nose and the throat. Symptoms involve runny or stuffy nose, body ache, throat irritation, soreness and fever. The best way to prevent the common cold is to have a healthy, balanced and nutritious diet regularly in order to develop an immune system that improves your body resistance. Consult your healthcare practitioner if your symptoms are highly uncomfortable.
Any fever due to virus is termed as viral. Sudden weather change often causes viral fever characterised by fatigue, chills, body aches and fever. The illness is contagious and spreads through infection droplets in the air or by coming into physical contact with infected secretions. General duration of a viral fever lasts from 3 to 7 days, with the severity of the fever being the highest in the first three days.
Treatment of side effects and symptoms can be by use of over-the-counter drugs, antihistamines, decongestants and antipyreptic drugs, in consultation with your doctor. Viral diseases are generally self-limiting and do not need antibiotics unless there is a secondary infection.
Gastroenteritis and food poisoning are quite common during the rainy season, and the high humidity helps in the growth of disease causing bacteria. The general symptoms of gastroenteritis are stomach cramps, nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea. Fever can develop and one may feel sense of malaise and weakness through the course of the illness. It is very important that you keep yourself hydrated at all times (ORS) and eat a bland diet, fruits such as bananas are recommended. Course of treatment is mainly to prevent dehydration and control fever. Antibiotics are prescribed after evaluation of the patients condition by a healthcare practitioner.
The rains are finally here, and for most of us that means flooded roads. While it is inevitable to venture out, wading through waterlogged streets can wreck havoc on your feet and can also result in fungal infections. Ensure that your feet do not bear the brunt of a fungal attack, keep them clean. Make it a point to wash your feet with warm water and either soap or dettol after you return home. Remember to wipe them dry properly especially between your toes and then moisturize them.